Chinese Singles

Sperb’s Herbs Ep. 7 – Warm and Release the Exterior Herbs

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This is not only Sperb’s Herbs first discussion of a category of herbs, it also happens to be the first category of herbs learned by most practitioners. Join us as we explore how external conditions occur and how they are treated using Warm and Release the Exterior Herbs. As usual, we will look at traditional sources as well as some of the science surrounding these herbs. Join us for this fascinating journey!

Every two weeks an exciting new episode of the Sperb’s Herbs podcast is recorded. This episode will cover one of the traditional categories of herbs. Besides covering the basics of Chinese herbology including the herbs in the category, and common functions, we will explore the science, pharmacology, evidence, and any potential interactions of the category of herbs. And then there is always something a little quirky about an episode. Whether that is a unique story or an interesting perspective, there will always be something different to learn about.

Chinese Singles

Sperb’s Herbs Ep. 5 – Dang Gui, Angelica

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Finally, an “A” lister: Dang Gui is definitely one of the all-stars of Chinese herbology. As a cornerstone of many formulas to help build the blood and affect the menses, it is one of the most important herbs in the Chinese pharmacopoeia. Join us as we explore this herb in its traditional context, in current western herbology, and the science behind it.

Recorded

Sperb’s Herbs Ep. 4 – Kava-Kava

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Kava-Kava, also known as just Kava, has very interesting herbal properties, but is also culturally very important as a medicine, an intoxicant,  and for religious, political, and social purposes. It’s pharmacology has been well studied. And it has been shown to have liver toxicities. Is this herb useful medicinally? Does its benefits outweigh its risks? Let’s find out…

Chinese Singles

Sperbs Herbs Ep 3 – Sha Ren

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Shā Rén, one of the cardamoms, is one of my favorite herbs, for many reasons. Besides being one of the best tasting herbs, it’s actions speak to me by helping to treat dampness and strengthen the spleen. While not necessarily an “A” list herb, please join us as we explore it.


Approved for both California Acupuncture Board CEUs and NCCAOM PDAs! Check it out at https://integrativemedicinecouncil.org/product/sha-ren-amomum/

Support Materials

Links

Cardamom Recipes

Pear Shrub with Vanilla and Cardamom

Pear-Ginger Shrub

Homemade Ginger Beer

How to Make Ginger Beer

Edit: After publishing this page, we were contacted by a website that has a really nice recipe/tutorial on how to make ginger beer. You can find it here: The complete guide on how to make ginger beer

Bibliography

Bensky, D., Clavey, S., & Stoger, E. (2004). Chinese herbal medicine materia medica (3rd ed.). Seattle, WA: Eastland Press, Inc.

Brand, E. & Wiseman, N. (2008). Concise Chinese materia medica. Taos, NM: Paradigm Publications.

Chen, J. C. & Chen T. T. (2004). Chinese medical herbology and pharmacology. City of Industry, CA: Art of Medicine Press, Inc.

Family (biology). (n.d.). Wikipedia. Retrieved August 2, 2019, from: https://en.m.wikipedi0.org/wiki/Family_(biology).

Gardner, Z. & McGuffin, M., Eds. (2013). American Herbal Products Association’s botanical safety handbook (2nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Genus. (n.d.). Wikipedia. Retrieved August 2, 2019, from: https://en.m.wikipedi0.org/wiki/Genus.

Gruenwald, J., Brendler, T., & Jaenicke, C. Eds. (2007). PDR for herbal medicines (4th ed.). Montvale, NJ: Thomson Healthcare, Inc.

Guo, D. J., Cheng, H.L., Chan, S.W., Yu, P. H. (2008). Antioxidative activities and the total phenolic contents of tonic Chinese medicinal herbs. Inflammopharmacology. 2008;16(5):201-207. Retrieved August 3, 2019, from: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10787-008-8016-9

Huang, G. D., Huang, Y. H., Xiao, M. Z., Huang, D. F., Liu, J., Li, J. B. (2008). Effect of volatile oil of amomum on expressions of platelet activating factor and mastocarcinoma-related peptide in the gastric membrane of chronic gastritis patients with helicobacter-pylori infection. Chin J Integr Med. 14(1):23-27.

Huang, K. C. (1999). The pharmacology of Chinese herbs (2nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Ilic,
N., Schmidt, B. M., Poulev, A., Raskin, I. (2010). Toxicological
evaluation of grains of paradise (Aframomum melegueta) [Roscoe] K. Schum. J Ethnopharmacol. 127(2):352-356.

Lee, S. H., Kim, J. Y., Kim, H., Park, S.
K., Kim, C. Y., Chung, S. Y., Chang, G. T. (2012, Sept. 15). Amomum villosum
induces longitudinal bone growth in adolescent female rats. J Tradit
Chin Med. Retrieved August 3, 2019, from: https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/82533962.pdf.

Maciocia, G. (2005). The foundations of
Chinese medicine, a comprehensive text for acupuncturists and herbalists (2nd
ed.). Philadelphia: Churchill Livingston.

Natta, L., Orapin, K., Krittika, N., Pantip, B. (2008). Essential oil from five Zingiberaceae for anti food-borne bacteria. Int Food
Res J. 15(3):337-346.

Park, B. H. & Park, J. W. (2001). The
protective effect of Amomum xanthoides extract against alloxan-induced diabetes
through the suppression of NFkappaB activation. Exp Mol Med. 33(2):64-68.

Shou-zhong, S. (1998). The Divine Farmer’s materia medica. Boulder, CO: Blue Poppy Press.

Species. (n.d.). Wikipedia. Retrieved
August 2, 2019, from: https://en.m.wikipedi0.org/wiki/Species.

Sperber, G. & Flaws, B. (2017).
Integrative Pharmacology, Combining Modern Pharmacology with Integrative
Medicine [Revised Edition Textbook]. Boulder, CO: Blue Poppy Press.

Taxonomy. (2019, Apr 5). Retrieved July
30, 2019, from: https://basicbiology.net/biology-101/taxonomy.

Chinese Formulas

Sperbs Herbs Ep 2 – Shi Quan Da Bu Tang

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This one is personal: this is the formula I have been on for quite a while now. It lives up to its translation of “All Inclusive Great Tonifying Decoction.” It is kind of an all-purpose formula in that it tonifies all four of the basic substances: qi, blood, yin, and yang.

Approved for both California Acupuncture Board CEUs and NCCAOM PDAs! Check it out at https://integrativemedicinecouncil.org/product/shi-quan-da-bu-tang/.

Support Materials

Links

Pdf of Chinese Herbs: A Clinical Review of Astragalus, Ligusticum, and Schizandrae by Dr. Steven Sinclair

Information on Peyer’s Patch

Kampo Information of Shi Quan Da Bu Tang

Western medical information on Shi Quan Da Bu Tang

Scientific paper looking at Shi Quan Da Bu Tang and cancer

Bibliography

Kogure, T., Ltoh, K., Tatsumi, T., Sekiya, N., Sakai, S., Shimada, Y., Tamura, J., Terasawa, K. (2005, May). The effect of Juzen-taiho-to/TJ-48 on the expression of killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (CD158a/b) on peripheral lymphocytes in vitro experiment. Phytomedicine. 12(5), 327-32. Retrieved November 29, 2016 from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S094471130500019X.

Lau, C., Mooiman, K.D., Maas-Bakker, R.F., Beijnen, J.H., Schellens, J.H,, Meijerman, I. (2013, Sep 16). Effect of Chinese herbs on CYP3A4 activity and expression in vitro. J Ethnopharmacol. 149(2):543-9.

Liu, H., Wang, J., Sekiyama, A., Tabira, T. (2008). Juzen-taiho-to, an Herbal Medicine, Activates and Enhances Phagocytosis in Microglia/Macrophages. The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine. 215(1), 43-54. Retrieved November 30, 2016 from https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/AF13S010Init.

Lo, A. C., Chan, K., Yeung, J. H., Woo, K. S. (1995, Jan-Mar). Danggui (Angelica sinensis) affects the pharmacodynamics but not the pharmacokinetics of warfarin in rabbits. Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 20(1):55-60.

Mateo-Carrasco, H., Gálvez-Contreras, M.C., Fernández-Ginés, F.D., Nguyen, T.V. (2012). Elevated liver enzymes resulting from an interaction between raltegravir and panax ginseng: a case report and brief review. Drug Metabol Drug Interact. 27(3):171-5.

Ohnishi, Y., Fujii, H., Hayakawa, Y., Sakukawa, R., Yamaura, T., Sakamoto, T., Tsukada, K., Fujimaki, M., Nunome, S., Komatsu, Y. and Saiki, I. (1998). Oral Administration of a Kampo (Japanese Herbal) Medicine Juzen-taiho-to Inhibits Liver Metastasis of Colon 26-L5 Carcinoma Cells. Japanese Journal of Cancer Research, 89: 206–213. Retrieved December 28, 2016 from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1349-7006.1998.tb00550.x/epdf.

Pao, L. H., Hu, O. Y., Fan, H. Y., Lin, C. C., Liu, L. C., Huang, P. W. (2012). Herb-drug interaction of 50 Chinese herbal medicines on CYP3A4 activity in vitro and in vivo. Am J Chin Med 40(1):57-73.

Qi, L. W., Wang, C. Z., Du, G. J., Zhang, Z. Y., Calway, T., Yuan, C. S. (2011, November 1). Metabolism of Ginseng and its Interactions with Drugs. Curr Drug Metab. 12(9): 818–822.

Scheid, V., Bensky, D., Ellis, A., Barolet, R. (2015). Chinese herbal medicine formulas & strategies (Portable 2nd Ed). Seattle, WA: Eastland Press, Inc.

Tatsuta, M., Iishi, H., Baba, M., Nakaizumi, A., Uehara, H. (1994). Inhibition by Shi-Quan-Da-Bu-Tang (TJ-48) of experimental hepatocarcinogenesis induced by N-nitrosomorpholine in sprague-dawley rats. European Journal of Cancer. 30(1), 74-78. Retrieved November 29, 2016 from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S095980490580022X.

Yi, S., Cho, J.Y., Lim, K.S., Kim, K.P., Kim, J., Kim, B.H., Hong, J.H., Jang, I.J., Shin, S.G., Yu, K.S. (2009, October). Effects of Angelicae tenuissima radix, Angelicae dahuricae radix and Scutellariae radix extracts on cytochrome P450 activities in healthy volunteers. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 105(4):249-56. Retrieved December 18, 2013 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19422358?ordinalpos=1&itool=Email.EmailReport.Pubmed_ReportSelector.Pubmed_RVDocSum.

Zhang, Z. J., Tan, Q. R., Tong, Y., Wang, X. Y., Wang, H. H., Ho, L. M., Wong, H. K., Feng, Y. B., Wang, D., Ng, R., McAlonan, G. M., Wang, C. Y., Wong, V. T. (2011, February 16). An epidemiological study of concomitant use of Chinese medicine and antipsychotics in schizophrenic patients: implication for herb-drug interaction. PLoS One. 6(2). Retrieved January 7, 2014 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3040227/.

Chinese Singles

Sperb’s Herbs Ep. 1 – Gǒu Qǐ Zǐ (Goji)

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Gǒu Qǐ Zǐ, also known as Goji or Goji berries, has become an incredibly popular “super food” in the last several years. This podcast will explore this herb, it’s Chinese history and uses, as well as the hype surrounding it. Is all the hype deserved? Or not?

Listen here:

Approved for both California Acupuncture Board CEUs and NCCAOM PDAs! Available at https://integrativemedicinecouncil.org/product/gou-qi-zi-goji/.

Support Materials

Links

Additional info on Gou Qi Zi

Scientific article on Gou Qi Zi

MedlinePlus article on Gou Qi Zi

Drugs.com article on Gou Qi Zi

Article about good quality Gou Qi Zi

Show Notes

Bibliography

Bensky, D., Clavey, S., & Stoger, E. (2004). Chinese herbal medicine materia medica (3rd ed.). Seattle, WA: Eastland Press, Inc.

Beta-sitasterol. . Retrieved August 5, 2016 from WebMD.

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Carotenoid. (n.d.) Retrieved August 5, 2016 from Wikipedia.

Chen, J. C. & Chen T. T. (2004). Chinese medical herbology and pharmacology. City of Industry, CA: Art of Medicine Press, Inc.

Chen, Z., Jinhua, L., Srinivasan, N., Tan, K. H. T., & Chan, S. H. (2009, March 15). Polysaccharide-Protein Complex from Lycium barbarum L. Is a Novel Stimulus of Dendritic Cell Immunogenicity. The Journal of Immunology, 182(6), 3503-3509.

Chen, Z., Soo, M. Y., Srinivasan, N., Tan, B. K. H., & Chan, S. H. (2009, Aug). Activation of macrophages by polysaccharide–protein complex from Lycium barbarum L. Phytotherapy Research, 23(8), 1116-1122.

Gardner, Z. & McGuffin, M., Eds. (2013). American Herbal Products Association’s botanical safety handbook (2nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Gartner Hype Cycle. (n.d.). Retrieved August 4, 2016 from http://www.gartner.com/technology/research/methodologies/hype-cycle.jsp.

Goji Berry. (n.d.). Retrieved August 8, 2016 from Drugs.com: https://www.drugs.com/npp/goji-berry.html.

Gruenwald, J., Brendler, T., & Jaenicke, C. Eds. (2007). PDR for herbal medicines (4th ed.). Montvale, NJ: Thomson Healthcare, Inc.

Guangwen, C., Wenguo, Y., Ping, D., & Xiongbiao, W. (1995, Dec.). Observation of the effects of LAK/IL-2 therapy combining with lycium barbarum polysaccharides in the treatment of patients with advanced cancer (a report of 75 cases). Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, 7(4), 293-297.

Haytowitz, D. B., & Bhagwhat, S. (2010, May). USDA Database for the Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) of Selected Foods, Release 2. Retrieved August 5, 2016 from http://www.orac-info-portal.de/download/ORAC_R2.pdf.

Huang, K. C. (1999). The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs (2nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Hype cycle. (n.d.). Retrieved August 4, 2016 from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/w iki/Hype_cycle.

Lam, A. Y., Elmer, G. W., & Mohutsky, M. A. (2001, Oct.). Possible interaction between warfarin and Lycium barbarum L.. Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 35(10), 1199-1201.

Leung, H., Hung, A., Hui, A. C. F., & Chan, T. Y. K. (2008, May). Warfarin overdose due to the possible effects of Lycium barbarum L. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 46(5), 1860-1862.

Rivera, C. A., Ferro, C. L., Bursua, A. J., Gerber, B. S. (2012, Jan 31). Probable Interaction Between Lycium barbarum (Goji) and Warfarin. Pharmacotherapy. [Epub ahead of print]

Shou-zhong, S. (1998). The Divine Farmer’s Materia Medica. Boulder, CO: Blue Poppy Press

Yokose, T., Katamoto, K., Park, S., Matsuura, H., Yoshihara, T. (2004, Dec.). Anti-fungal sesquiterpenoid from the root exudate of Solanum abutiloides. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem; 68(12):2640-2.

Yu, M., Lai, C. S.,  Ho, Y., Zee, S., So, K., Yuen, W., & Vhang, R. C. (2007). Characterization of the effects of anti-aging medicine Fructus lycii on ß-amyloid peptide neurotoxicity. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 20, 261-268.